DPYD Screen« Back to test list
The protein dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase is involved in the breakdown of various drugs. Variants in the protein’s gene, DPYD, can slow the rate at which certain drugs are broken down. The drugs involved are
- 5-fluoro-uracil (5FU)
A patient with such a variant may be at risk of bone marrow toxicity from the medication.
This test has a role in identifying patients who may benefit from avoiding a specific drug or dose, but it provides little useful information for people (including relatives) who are not taking the medications of concern. Testing of relatives is generally not recommended.
The laboratory report describes the gene variants detected in a patient, and the implications regarding drug choice or dose.
Analysis of DPYD gene.
This test can be requested by any medical practitioner.
5 mL blood in EDTA. Specimens may be collected by the requesting practitioner or at any Sonic Healthcare pathology collection centre.
To help ensure the quality of the test, a genetic test should be done with a dedicated sample whenever possible i.e. a sample collected specifically for that test rather than a sample that is used for multiple tests.
We also recommend that the patient or another adult check the labelling of request forms and sample tubes.
Please list current and proposed medications on the request form. Please highlight any medications that have caused problems in the past.